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Indeed, the path of knowledge is very very long. It goes on for eternity and is an ocean of its own. Nonetheless, that does not mean that we shouldn’t strive to acquire knowledge and information that will perfect our worship, bring us closer to Allah and guide us to be better human beings.
Abud-Darda (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “He who follows a path in quest of knowledge, Allah will make the path of Jannah easy to him. The angels lower their wings over the seeker of knowledge, being pleased with what he does. The inhabitants of the heavens and the earth and even the fish in the depth of the oceans seek forgiveness for him. The superiority of the learned man over the devout worshipper is like that of the full moon to the rest of the stars (i.e., in brightness). The learned are the heirs of the Prophets who bequeath neither dinar nor dirham but only that of knowledge; and he who acquires it, has in fact acquired an abundant portion.” [Abu Dawud and At- Tirmidhi].
It is by this that I bring forth to you ‘The 100 Hadiths on women’ that consist of some, NOT ALL, important basic hadith concerning women. This does not mean that only women should read this because it also involves other people around her like her husband, her mahrams and the men she may deal with in daily life.
Kindly do make time to educate yourself with these short, clear and precise narrations that will definitely be beneficial for you and those around you. Share it and make dua for the compiler as well.
You are free to quote and use the text so long as you give proper referencing of the hadiths without misquoting what was said.
Ibn Mas’ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
I heard the Messenger of Allah(ﷺ) saying, “May Allah freshen the affairs of a person who hears something from us and communicates it to others exactly as he has heard it (i.e., both the meaning and the words), for it may be that the recipient of knowledge understands it better than the one who has heard it.”
[At-Tirmidhi Book 13, Hadith 14]
May Allah Subhanahu Wataala accept it from us and count it among our hasanat together with whoever shares it. May He purify our intentions in every good deed we do and may He make us among those closest yo the prophet peace be upom him in the highest ranks of Jannah. Ameen.
So here it is; part 1 of the ‘100 hadiths on women’
A. PURIFICATION كتاب الطهارة
1. The going out of women for answering the call of nature
Narrated `Aisha:The Prophet(ﷺ) said to his wives, “You are allowed to go out to answer the call of nature. ”
“.عَنْ عَائِشََة، عَنِ النبِيِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قاَل ” قَْد أُِذَن أن تخْرُجْنَ فِي حَاجَتِكنَّ”
Sahih al-Bukhari 147
2. Women and wet dreams
Narrated Aisha, UmmulMu’minin:
The Prophet (ﷺ) was asked about a person who found moisture (on his body or clothes) but did not remember the sexual dream. He replied: He should take a bath. He was asked about a person who remembered that he had a sexual dream but did not find moisture. He replied: Bath is not necessary for him. Umm Salamah then asked: Is washing necessary for a woman if she sees that (in her dream)? He replied: Yes. Woman are counterpart of men.
عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ سُئِلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَجِدُ الْبَلَلَ وَلاَ يَذْكُرُ احْتِلاَمًا قَالَ ” يَغْتَسِلُ ” . وَعَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَرَى أَنَّهُ قَدِ احْتَلَمَ وَلاَ يَجِدُ الْبَلَلَ قَالَ ” لاَ غُسْلَ عَلَيْهِ ” . فَقَالَتْ أُمُّ سُلَيْمٍ الْمَرْأَةُ تَرَى ذَلِكَ أَعَلَيْهَا غُسْلٌ قَالَ ” نَعَمْ إِنَّمَا النِّسَاءُ شَقَائِقُ الرِّجَالِ ”
( حسن إلا قول أم سليم المرأة ترى الخ (الألباني
Sunan AbiDawud 236
3. Women seeking religious knowledge
A’isha reported: Asma (daughter of Shakal) asked the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) about washing after menstruation. He said: Everyone amongst you should use water (mixed with the leaves of) the lote-tree and cleanse herself well, and then pour water on her head and rub it vigorously till it reaches the roots of the hair. Then she should pour water on it. Afterwards she should take a piece of cotton smeared with musk and cleanse herself with it. Asma’ said: How should she cleanse herself with the help of that? Upon this he (the Messenger of Allah) observed: Praise be to Allah, she should cleanse herself. ‘A’isha said in a subdued tone that she should apply it to the trace of blood. She (Asma) then further asked about bathing after sexual intercourse. He (the Holy Prophet) said: She should take water and cleanse herself well or complete the ablution and then (pour water) on her head and rub it till it reaches the roots of the hair (of her) head and then pour water on her. ‘A’isha said: How good are the women of Ansar (helpers) that their shyness does not prevent them from learning religion.
عَنْ عَائِشََة، أن أسْمَاَء، سَألتِ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَنْ غُسْلِ اْلمَحيِض فقاَل ” تأْخذ إِحداكُنَّ ماَءها وَسِْدرََتَها فتطََّهرُ فتحْسِنُ الطُُّهورَ ثمَّ تصبُّ على رَأْسَِها فَتَْدُلكه دْل كا شَِديًدا حَتى تبلغَ شئُوَن رَأْسَِها ثمَّ تصُبُّ عََليها اْلمَاَء . ثمَّ تأخُُذ فِرْصًَة ممَسكًَة فَتَطهرُ بَِها ” . فقاَلتْ أسْمَاُء وَكيفَ تطََّهرُ بَِها فقَاَل ” سبْحَاَن اَّلِلّ تطََّهرِينَ بَِها ” . فقاَلتْ عَائِشَُة كأََّنَها تخفِي ذلكَ تتَبعِينَ أثرَ الَّدمِ . وَسَأََلته عَنْ غسلِ اْلجنَاَبةِ فَقَاَل ” تأخُُذ ماًء فتطََّهرُ فتحْسِنُ الطُُّهورَ – أَوْ تبْلِغُ الطُُّهورَ – ثمَّ تصُبُّ عََلى رَأسَِها فَتَْدُلكُُه حتَّى تبلغَ شُ ئُوَن رَأسَِها ثمَّ تفِيضُ عََليها اْلمَاَء ” . فقَاَلتْ عَائِشَُة نِعْمَ النِ سَاُء نِسَاُء الَأْنصَارِ لمْ يكُنْ يمْنعُُهنَّ اْلحَياُء أن يتفَقهنَ فِي الِدينِ .
Sahih Muslim 332 c
4. Cleaning menses on clothes
Narrated Asma’: A woman came to the Prophet (ﷺ) and said, “If anyone of us gets menses in her clothes then what should she do?” He replied, “She should (take hold of the soiled place), rub it and put it in the water and rub it in order to remove the traces of blood and then pour water over it. Then she can pray in it.”
Sahih al-Bukhari 227
عَنْ أسْمَاَء، قاَلتْ جَاَءتِ اْمرَأٌَة النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فقاَلتْ أرَأيتَ إِحَْداَنا تحِيضُ فِي الثَّوْبِ كَيْفَ تصْنعُ قاَل تحُته، ثمَّ تقرُصُُه بِاْلمَاِء وََتنْضحُُه وتصَلِي فِيه
5. Permitted acts during menstruation
Narrated `Urwa: A person asked me, “Can a woman in menses serve me? And can a Junub woman come close to me?” I replied, “All this is easy for me. All of them can serve me, and there is no harm for any other person to do the same. `Aisha told me that she used to comb the hair of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) while she was in her menses, and he was in I`tikaf (in the mosque). He would bring his head near her in her room and she would comb his hair, while she used to be in her menses.”
Sahih al-Bukhari 296
عَنْ عُرْوََة، أنُه سُئِلَ أتخُْدُمنِي اْلحائِضُ أوْ تْدُنو مِن ي اْلمَرْأة وَْهىَ جُنبٌ فقاَل عُرْوَُة كُلُّ ذَِلكَ علىَّ هيِ نٌ، وَكُلُّ ذَِلكَ تخُْدُمنِي، وََليسَ عََلى أحٍَد فِي ذَِلكَ بأسٌ، أَخْبرَْتنِي عَائِشَُة أنَها كاَن تْ ترَج لُ ـ تعْنِي ـ رَأْسَ رَسولِ اَّلِلّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَهِيَ حَائِضٌ، وَرَسُوُل اَّلِلّ صلى الله عليه وسلم حينئٍِذ مجَاوِرٌ فِي اْلمَسْجد، يْدنِي لَها رَأْسَُه وَْهىَ فِي حُجْرَتَِها، فترَجُ له وَْهىَ حَائِضٌ.
6. Hand dye while on menses
It was narrated from Mu’adh that: A woman asked ‘Aishah: “Can a woman who is menstruating, dye her hands?” She said: “We were with the Prophet and we used to dye our hands, and he did not tell us not to do that.”
English : Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 656 Sunan Ibn Majah
عَنْ معَاذََة، . أن اْمرَأة، سَألتْ عائِشة قاَلتْ تخْتضِبُ اْلحَائِضُ فقاَلتْ قد كنا عِند النَّبِيِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ وََنحْنُ نخْتضِبُ فلمْ يكنْ ينَْهاَنا عنُْه
7. Taking ghusl bath with closely plaited hair
Umm Salama reported: I said: Messenger of Allah, I am a woman who has closely plaited hair on my head; should I undo it for taking a bath, because of sexual intercourse? He (the Holy Prophet) said: No, it is enough for you to throw three handfuls of water on your head and then pour water over yourself, and you shall be purified.
Sahih Muslim 330 a
أمِ سََلمََة، قاَلتْ قلتُ يا رَسُوَل اَّلِلّ إِ نِي اْمرَأٌَة أَشُُّد ضَفرَ رَأسِي فأنقضُُه لغُسْلِ اْلجَناَبةِ قَاَل لَا إَِّنما يكفِيكِ أَْن تحْثِي عََلى رَأسِكِ ثلَاثَ حَثياتٍ ثمَّ تفِيضِينَ عََليكِاْلمَاَء فتطُْهرِينَ
8. Regarding flowing blood after menstruation
A’isha reported: Fatimah b. Abu Hubaish came to the Apostle (ﷺ) and said: I am a woman whose blood keeps flowing (even after the menstruation period). I am never purified; should I, therefore, abandon prayer? He (the Holy Prophet) said: Not at all, for that is only a vein, and is not a menstruation, so when menstruation comes, abandon prayer, and when it ends wash the blood from yourself and then pray.
Sahih Muslim 333 a
عَنْ عَائِشََة، قاَلتْ جَاَءتْ فاطِمَُة بِنْتُ أبِي حبَيْشٍ إلى النبِيِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فقاَلتْ يا رَسوَل اَّلِلّ إ نِي اْمرَأة أسْتحَاضُ فلَا أطُْهرُ أفأدعُ الصلَاَة فقاَل : لَا إَِّنمَا ذَِلكِ عِرْقٌ وََليسَ
بِاْلحَيضَةِ فإذَا أقْبََلتِ اْلحَيضَُة فََدعِي الصَّلَاَة وَإِذَا أدَبرَتْ فاغْسِلِي عنْكِ الَّدمَ وَصَلِي
To be continued…